Republic Act (RA) No. 10591: Philippine Firearms Law

Eventually repeals that the 30 -year old PD 1866 that includes replica guns to be a part of this definition of firearms. RA 10591, whilst already signed into law by President Aquino, cannot be fully executed without the IRR which will function as a guideline for agencies concerned with implementing the new law.

Republic Act (RA) No. 10591

According to PNP Chief Purisima, this law will finally standardize the regulation of firearms. And that it will also intensify the law enforcement organisation’s efforts to control firearms in a country that is thought to have over 400,000 loose firearms.

In the new definition of firearms in RA 10591, below is what is stipulated in Article 1, Section 3, Letter l:

Republic Act (RA) No. 10591 :

Firearm refers to any handheld or portable weapon, whether a small arm or light weapon, that expels or is designed to expel a bullet, shot, slug, missile or any projectile, which is discharged by means of expansive force of gases from burning gunpowder or other form of combustion or any similar instrument or implement. For purposes of this Act, the barrel, frame or receiver is considered a firearm.

The very definition itself of a firearms is clear and that it is going to exempt airsoft guns and air guns from being categorized as firearms. Both airsoft guns and air guns do not expel a projectile through combustion and utilize compressed air or gas that does not combine with another gas or powder for any combustion process to push a BB or Air gun pellet out.